“C’est” and “Il est” + Exercises

C'est and Il est

When can you use C’est and Il est ?

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Hi English speakers who want to Learn french 🙂 !

In this article I share with you When you can use c’est and il est.

 

“C’est” and “Il est”

C’est / ce sont

C'est and Ce sont

  • To identify a thing or a person

C’est + singular noun

Example :

C’est un acteur.It’s an actor.

C’est une mangue.It’s a mango.

Ce sont + plural noun

Example :

Ce sont des mangues.These are mangos.

Ce sont des acteurs.They are actors.

  • When we ask a question, it is always singular

– To identify one or more things

Example :

Qu’est-ce que c’est ?What is it ?

C’est un dessin de Gauguin.It is a drawing of Gauguin.

Ce sont des dessins de Picasso.These are Picasso’s drawings.

– To identify one or more people

Qui c’est ?Who is it ?

C’est mon cousin.He is my cousin.

Ce sont mes amis.These are my friends.

  • To introduce a person

C’est + singular noun
Ce sont + plural noun

Example :

C’est Pierre.He is Pierre.

C’est mon directeur.He is my director.

Ce sont mes parents.They are my parents.

Ce sont des amis.They are friends.

  • We use c’est invariably (that is to say we cannot replace it with ce sont) when we announce: on the intercom, at the door, …

Example :

C’est Julie et Sophie.We are Julie and Sophie.

  • To make a comment

C’est + adjective masculine singular

Example :

Les glaces, c’est bon. Ice cream is good.

La mer, c’est beau. The sea is beautiful.

Paris, c’est magnifique ! Paris, it’s beautiful !

  • To announce a date

Example :

C’est le 5 janvier 2018.It’s January 5th, 2018.

Aujourd’hui c’est mercredi. Today is Wednesday.

 

C’est and Il est

Il est/ elle est / ils sont / elles sont

Il est

  • Il est + profession

Example :

Il est médecin. He is a doctor.

  • Il est + nationality

Example :

Il est mexicain. → He is Mexican.

  • Il est + religion

Example :

Elle est musulmane. She is Muslim.

  • Il est + adjective

Example :

Il est sympathique.He is nice.

In these cases the equivalent exists in the feminine :

Example :

Elle est médecin, elle est méxicaine, elle est amicale She is a doctor, she is Mexican, she is friendly.

 

Exercises

1 – ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………une mangue.

It is a mango.

2 – …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………un dessin de ma fille.

It’s a drawing of my daughter.

3 – ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………professeur.

He is a professor.

4 – ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………..Camille.

She is Camille.

5 – …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..danoise.

She is Danish.

6 – ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……….mon directeur.

He is my director.

7 – ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….des amis.

These are friends.

8 – Qu’est-ce que………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ?

What is it ?

9 – ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……..mes chaussures.

These are my shoes.

10 – ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….marin.

He is a sailor.

 

Answers

1 – C’est

2 – C’est

3 – Il est

4 – C’est

5 – Elle est

6 – C’est

7 – Ce sont

8 – C’est

9 – Ce sont

10 – Il est

 

Find here another article about C’est and Il est from https://www.thoughtco.com.

 

Thanks for reading this article 🙂

What do you want to learn about the French language? What are your needs ?

Tell me in the comments, I will write an article about it !

Thomas Ricomard

 

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