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Hi, Welcome all on Fast French Learning, the blog to Learn and Improve your French 🇫🇷 😀

There are 6 topics to study, it means that you can study 1,5 subject a day. Focusing everyday on just one subject makes the difference in learning, you will get more confidence, more fluency, you will be able to reach your goals easily, to be better in having conversations in several situations, having a better understanding of the movies (so you will learn more expressions). It will keep the motivation up !

The indefinite articles : un, une, des

We use it to designate a not unique thing.
Un pont → a bridge
Une femme → a woman
Des rues → streets

We use it to designate a quantity
Un homme → a man
Une femme → a woman

Un is a masculine-singular article
Une is a feminine-singular article
Des is a plural article, it could be masculine or feminine

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The definite articles : le, la, les

We use it to designate a unique thing.
Le Pont-Neuf → the Pont-Neuf
La femme de Paul → The wife of Paul
Les rues de Paris → The streets of Paris

We use it to designate a generality
L’homme (= les hommes) → men
La femme (= les femmes) → women
La musique, le sport, le cinéma

Le is a masculine-singular article
La is a feminine-singular article
Les is a plural article, it could be masculine or feminine

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Exercise to train

Write your answer in the comments and I will tell you if it is ok or not, and I will give you the correction.
Instruction : fill in the blank with un, une, le or la.
Un musée (a museum) : le musée Picasso
…………pont (a bridge) : …………pont des Arts
…………jardin (a garden) : ……………jardin du Luxembourg
…………..rue (a street) : …………….rue de Rivoli
…………. place (a place) : …………..place de l’Etoile
……………gare (a train station) : ………..gare de Lyon

Instruction : build sentences according to the template
Espagnol / langue latine : l’espagnol et une langue latine
Oranges / fruits : ……………………………………………………
France / pays d’Europe : …………………………………………
Football / sport populaire : ……………………………………..

Instruction : fill in the blank with un, une, le or la.
Un jour : le jeudi (Thursday)
……….couleur (color) : …………….rouge (red)
………..saison (season) : …………..automne (autumn)
………….animal : ………………….éléphant
……….pays : …………………Irlande
………….chiffre (number) : ……….sept (seven)

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Il y a, pendant, depuis, dans

Depuis

We use depuis for a duration that continues.
Depuis + the present tense
Je suis professeur depuis 1995 → I have been a professor since 1995
Je travaille depuis huit heures → I have been working for eight hours
We say Je travaille depuis 2 heures, we do not say Je travaille pour 2 heures

Pendant

We use pendant for a limited duration.
Pendant + the past tense (le passé composé)
J’ai été secrétaire pendant 6 jours → I was a secretary for 6 days
J’ai dormi pendant 4 heures → I slept for 4 hours
We say J’ai dormi pendant 2 heures, we do not say J’ai dormi pour 2 heures.

Il y a

We use il y a to designate a moment in the past.
J’ai passé le bac il y a trois ans → I passed the bachelor three years ago
Je suis arrivé il y a dix jours → I arrived 10 days ago

Dans

We use dans to designate a moment in the future.
Je passerai l’examen dans 6 mois → I will do the ex           am in 6 months
Je partirai dans trois semaines → I will leave in three weeks

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Exercise to train

Write your answer in the comments and I will tell you if it is ok or not, and I will give you the correction.
Instruction : Fill in the blank with verb conjugated in the present tense and the word depuis
1 – The verb être (to be) : Je suis professseur depuis 1985 →I am a professor since 1985.
2 – The verb habiter (to live) : Michaël………….en Australie……………vingt ans → He has been living in Australia for twenty years.
3 – The verb parler (to talk / to speak) : Anne…………….avec Sophie………………….deux heures → Anne has been talking with Sophie for two hours.
4 – The verb attendre (to wait) : Nous……………..le bus………………une demi-heure → We have been waiting for the bus for half an hour.

Instruction : fill in the blank with depuis or pendant
1 – Sophie étudie le russe depuis deux ans → Sophie has been studying russian for two years.
Sa mère a étudié le russe pendant cinq ans → Her mother studied russian for five years.
2 – Elle a un correspondant à Moscou……..six mois → She has a correspondent in Moscow since six months.
………………………………………………. → Her mother had a correspondent in Moscow for six months.
3 – Elle joue du piano…………..trois ans → She has been playing piano for three years.
………………………………………………….. → Here mother played the piano for three years.
– Elle fait de la danse…………………huit ans → She has been doing dance for eight years.
………………………………………………………… → Her mother danced for eight years.

Instruction : fill in the blank with depuis or il y a
J’habite à Paris……………………………vingt ans → I have been living in Paris for twenty years.
J’étudie le français……………………un an → I have been studying French for one year.
J’ai commencé…………………………..un an → I began one year ago.
J’ai acheté ce livre…………………….deux mois → I bought this book two months ago.
J’ai la même montre………………..trois ans → I have the same watch since three years.

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Do not forget to use all the resources, a variety of resources that you can to learn and improve your French, to reach your goals, to get fluency, having more confidence : an app (there is a lot of app), a teacher,… Study a variety of topics, imagine yourself having conversations to people in different situations, watch French movies, do not stop to learn new expressions,…keep the motivation up ! 


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Thank you for reading this article !
Thomas 😀