Download PDF – French verbs in several tenses to learn (the 3 groups of verbs)

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This article is for everyone, beginners, intermediate, advanced level people. You work on pronunciation while you are learning the verbs and how to conjugate them.

Let us have a look at the different verbs groups. How the French conjugation works ? A verb indicates an action : marcher (to walk, manger (to eat), or a state, a characteristic : être (to be), sembler (to appear). It is important to know to which groups they belong to when I want to conjugate them. If you know which groups they belong to, you will be able to put the correct stem and the correct endings. They follow always the same pattern, for the –er verbs (they belong to the 1srt group) or the –ir verbs (they belong to the 2nd group). If you know that, you will not make mistakes in conjugating them.

Verbs from the 1rst group : –er verbs

They are regular verbs, the endings verbs are every time the same.

Aimer (to like / to love)

In the present tense
J’aime → I like
Tu aimes → You like
Il/elle aime → He/she likes
Nous aimons → We like
Vous aimez → You like
Ils aiment → They like

In the future moods
J’aimerai → I will like
aimeras→ You will like
Il/elle aimera→ He/she will like
Nous aimeronsWe will like
Vous aimerez→ You will like
Ils/elles aimeront→ They will like

Parler (to talk / to speak)

In the present tense
Je parle→I am talking 
Tu parles→ You are talking
Il/elle parle→ He/she is talking
Nous parlons→ We are talking
Vous parlez→ You are talking
Ils/elles parlent→ They are talking

In the past moods (imparfait)
Je parlais → I talked
parlais→ You talked
Il/elle parlait→ He/she talked
Nous parlions→ We talked
Vous parliez→ You talked
Ils/elles parlaient→ They talked

There is an exception : the verb aller (to go), his end is –er, but it belongs to the 3rd group. It is an irregular verb.

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Verbs from the 2nd group 

To make the difference between the verbs from the 2nd group and the 3rd goup : all the verbs in the 2nd group, in the present participle form end in –issant.

Finir (to finish) → finissant
Obéir (to obey) → obéissant
Choisir (to choose) → choisissant

They are regular verbs, the end of the verbs are every time the same.

Finir (to finish)

In the present tense
Je finis→ I am finishing
finis→ You are finishing
ll/elle finit→ He/she is finishing
Nous finissons→ We are finishing
Vous finissez→ You are finishing
Ils/elles finissent→ They are finishing

In the future tense
Je finirai → I will finish f
iniras→ You will finish
Il/elle finira→ He/she will finish
Nous finirons→ We will finish
Vous finirez→ You will finish
Ils/elles finiront→ They will finish

In the past tense (passé composé)
J’ai fini → I finished
as fini→ You finished
Il/elle a fini→ He/she finished
Nous avons fini→ We finished
Vous avez fini→ You finished
Ils/elles ont fini→ They finished

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Verbs from the 3rd group 

Here is the present participle form of verbs from the 3rd group :
Courir (to run) → courant
Devenir (to become) → devenant
Partir (to leave) → partant
Voir (to see) → voyant
Vouloir (to want) → voulant

Courir (to run)

In the present tense
Je cours → I am running  
cours→ You are running
Il/elle court→ He/she is running
Nous courons→ We are running
Vous courez→ You are running
Ils/elles courent→ They are running

In the future tense
Je courrai → I will run
courras→ You will run
Il/elle courra→ He/she will run
Nous courrons→ We will run
Vous courrez→ You will run
Ils/elles courront→ They will run

Devenir (to become)

In the present tense
Je deviens → I become
deviens → You become
Il/elle devient → He/she becomes
Nous devenons → We become
Vous devenez → You become
Ils/elles deviennent → They become

In the past tense (imparfait)
Je devenais → I became
devenais→ You became
Il/elle devenait→ He/she became
Nous devenions→ We became
Vous deveniez→ You became
Ils/elles devenaient→ They became

Partir (to leave)

In the present tense
Je pars → I am leaving
pars→ You are leaving
Il/elle part→ He/she is leaving
Nous partons→ We are leaving
Vous partez→ You are leaving
Ils/elles partent→ They are leaving

In the future tense
Je partirai → I will leave
partiras→ You will leave
Il/elle partira→ He/she will leave
Nous partirons→ will leave
Vous partirez→ will leave
Ils/elles partiront→ will leave

Voir (to see)

IVouloir (to want)
Je vois → I see   
vois→ You see
Il/elle voit→ He/she see
Nous voyons→ We see
Vous voyez→ You see
Ils/elles voient→ They see

Vouloir (to want)

In the present tense
Je veux → I want
veux→ You want
Il/elle veut→ He/she wants
Nous voulons→ We want
Vous voulez→ You want
Ils/elles veulent→ They want

Aller (to go)

In the present tense
Je vais→ I am going
vas → You are going
Il va He/she is going
Nous allons→ We are going
Vous allez→ You are going  
Ils/elles vont→ They are going

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Have a look at the others articles for more lessons, French lessons to improve your pronunciation, to increase your vocabulary, to study grammar points : pronoun, how to use a pronoun in a sentence,…

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Thank you for reading this article !
Thomas 😀