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In this article I give you a French course, you can share it with your amis (friends), or studying it with your amis in a terrasse of a café, or at home with a café. I give few elements, different topics, of the French language that you can use on your daily conversations, conversations that you can have throught internet with a native speaker for example. You will find French words and sentences with the translations. I offer you something different compare to the previous articles with resources with different topics. Enjoy it. Have a look as well at the previous articles for French expressions ans translations.
The verbs from the 1rst group
Let us see the present tense.
-The present tense is the most used time.
-In general, it indicates that the action or event is contemporaneous with the moment one speaks.
Ex : Gabrielle danse maintenant dans le salon →Gabrielle is now dancing in the living room.
-A verb in the present can also cover a wide time interval.
Ex : Gabrielle a les cheveux châtains → Gabrielle has brown hair
-The present of general truth covers all the past and all the future imaginable.
Ex : Quand le chat n’est pas là, les souris dansent → When the cat is away the mice are playing
-The present tense can evoke the recent past or the near future.
Ex : Elle arrive à l’instant de Brest → She arrives from Brest just right now.
Elle repart demain pour Marseille → She leaves tomorrow for Marseille.
Let us see how to conjugate the verbs from the 1rst group
The end of each person is :
Je → -e
Tu → -es
Il/elle → -e
Nous → -ons
Vous → -ez
Ils/elles → -ent
Here is what it is with the verb Aimer (to like, to love)
The verb Aller (to go) is an exception :
Beginners : learn french with pictures and videos for lessons and vocabulary
The verbs of the 2nd group
Finir (to finish)
Beginners : learn to speak french for lessons and vocabulary
Two verbs of the 3rd group, the verb devoir (to have to/must) and the verb voir (to see)
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Now, we are going to see how to say l’heure (the hour) in French.
Let us take the example of 12 pm to say the heure in French.
12h = midi
12h05 = midi cinq
12H10 = midi dix
12h15 = midi quinze / midi et quart
12h30 = midi trente/ midi et demi
12H35 = midi trente-cinq
12h40 = midi quarante
12h45 = midi quarante-cinq
12h50 = midi cinquante
12h55 = midi cinquante-cinq
The difference between proper names and common nouns
-Common nouns refer to people or things. They are always written in lower case. They have a meaning, a definition, and it is used based on that meaning. Let us see examples : une table (a table), un mur (a wall), un vélo (a bike), une voiture (a car),…
-They designate people, places, eras or unique things, they always start with a capital letter. The proper name has no real meaning, no definition, it relates to what it designates. Let us see examples : Emile Zola (a famous French writter), le Louvre, les Alpes, Toronto,…
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Let us see the possessive pronouns.
le mien is singular-masculine
la mienne is singular-feminine
les miens is plural-masculine
les miennes is plural-feminine
It replaces the main element of the sentence. Let us see examples :
Ce vélo, c’est le mien → This bike is mine
Cette bague, c’est la mienne → This ring is mine
Ces manteaux sont les miens → These coats are mine
Ces chaussures sont les miennes → These shoes are mine
le tien is singular-masculine
la tienne is singular-feminine
les tiens is plural-masculine
les tiennes is plural-feminine. Let us see examples :
Ce vélo, c’est le tien → This bike is yours
Cette bague, c’est la tienne → This ring is yours
Ces manteaux sont les tiens → These coats are yours
Ces chaussures sont les tiennes → These shoes are yours
le sien is singular-masculine
la sienne is singular-feminine
les siens is plural-masculine
les siennes is plural-feminine. Let us see examples :
Ce vélo, c’est le sien → This bike is his
Cette bague, c’est la sienne → This ring is hers
Ces manteaux sont les siens → These coats are his
Ces chaussures sont les siennes → These shoes are hers
le nôtre is singular-masculine and it refers to several people
la nôtre is singular-feminine and it refers to several people
les nôtres is plural-masculine and feminine and it refers to several people. Let us see examples :
Ce vélo, c’est le nôtre → This bike is ours
Cette chienne, c’est la nôtre → This dog is ours
Ces manteaux sont les nôtres → These coats are ours
Ces chaussures sont les nôtres→ These shoes are ours
le vôtre is singular-masculine and it refers to several people
la vôtre is singular-feminine and it refers to several people
les vôtres is plural-masculine and feminine and it refers to several people. Let us see examples :
Ce vélo, c’est le vôtre → This bike is yours
Cette chienne, c’est la vôtre → This dog is yours
Ces manteaux sont les vôtres → These coats are yours
Ces chaussures sont les vôtres→ These shoes are yours
le leur is singular-masculine and it refers to several people
la leur is singular-feminine and it refers to several people
les leurs is plural-masculine and feminine and it refers to several people. Let us see examples :
Ce vélo, c’est le leur → This bike is theirs
Cette chienne, c’est la leur → This dog is theirs
Ces manteaux sont les leurs → These coats are theirs
Ces chaussures sont les leurs→ These shoes are theirs
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