How to recognize between masculine and feminine? + Exercises

How to recognize between masculine and feminine?

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French masculine and feminine

Hello English speakers who want to Learn French 🙂 !

In this article I share with you How to recognize if a word is masculine or feminine.

 

There is not a rule that says “this word is masculine and this word is feminine” but several indications!

To remember wich noun is masculine or feminine The best way is to practice, to talk as much as possible.

 

Masculine and feminine : the letter e

French masculine and feminine

  • In French the letter e represents the feminine, in a general way.

Examples

Nouns

Un garçon → a boy    Masculine

Une fille → a girl    Feminine

Un ami → a friend    Masculin

Une amie → a friend    Feminin

Un français → a french man    Masculin

Un française → a french woman    Feminin

 

Here are some exceptions :

Un arbre → a tree → masculine

Une maison → a house → féminine

Un belge → a belgium man → masculin

 

Masculine and Feminine : Adjectives

French masculine and feminine

  • Adding the letter e works well, in a general way.

Examples

Masculines nouns

Feminines nouns

Un livre anglais → an English boook

Un joli tableau → a nice painting

Un livre anglais → an English book

Un joli tableau → a nice painting

 

  • But there are many other cases

Examples

Masculines nouns Feminines nouns

Un café italien → an Italian coffee

Du chocolat belge → Belgian chocolate

Il est beau he is handsome

Une voiture italienne → an italian car

Une bière belge → a Belgian beer

Elle est belle → she is beautiful

 

Masculine and feminine : the Nouns

French masculine and feminine

A noun that ends with the letter e is not necessarily feminine (un arbre a tree, …)

A noun that does not end with the letter e is not necessarily masculine (une maison a house, ...)

The general rules

These rules are general rules, which mean that it works most of the time, so not all the time !

Masculine

Feminine

Nouns ending in

-ment, -phone, -scope, -eau, -teur, -isme, -age

Exceptions : une plage (a beach), une page (a page), une image (a picture)

Nouns ending in

-tion/-sion, -ée, -ique, -té, -ie, -oire, -ure, -ade, -ette, -ence, -ance

 

 

French masculine and feminine

Exercises : Recognize if these words are masculine or feminine words

Parlement (parliament) / Médicament (medecine) / Gouvernement (Government)

Téléphone (phone) / Interphone (intercom)

Télescope (telescope)

Bureau (office) / Bateau (boat) / Couteau (knife) / Château (castle)

Ordinateur (computer) / Aspirateur (vacuum)

Fromage (cheese) / Voyage (trip) / Massage (massage)

 

Télévision (television) / Addition (addition) / Solution (solution) / Invention (invention)

Beauté (beauty) / Réalité (reality) /Société (society)

Culture (culture) / Sculpture (sculpture) / Peinture (painting)

Casquette (cap)/ Raquette (racket) / Bicyclette (bicycle)

Différence (difference) / Référence (reference) / Connaissance (knowledge)

 

Ouverture (opening)

Baignade (swim)

Gargarisme (gargle) / Prisme (prism)

Bagage (luggage)

Panique (panic)

Dictée (dictation)

Chapelure (breadcrumbs)

Changement (change)

Passoire (strainer)

Argument (argument)

Connexion (connexion)

Mariage (wedding)

Publication (publication)

Gaspillage (waste)

Fonction (function)

Remerciement (thanks)

Jardinage (gardening)

Inscription (Registration)

Partage (sharing)

 

Answers

Masculine

Parlement / Médicament / Gouvernement

Téléphone / Interphone

Télescope

Bureau / Bateau / Couteau / Château

Ordinateur / Aspirateur

Fromage / Voyage / Massage

Féminine

Télévision / Addition / Solution / Invention

Beauté / Réalité /Société

Culture / Sculpture / Peinture

Casquette / Raquette / Bicyclette

Différence / Référence / Connaissance

 

Ouverture –> féminin

Baignade –> féminin

Gargarisme –> masculin

Bagage –> masculin

Panique –> féminin

Dictée –> féminin

Chapelure –> féminin

Changement –> masculin

Passoire –> féminin

Argument –> masculin

Connexion –> féminin

Mariage –> masculin

Publication –> féminin

Gaspillage –> masculin

Fonction –> féminin

Remerciement –> masculin

Jardinage –> masculin

Inscription –> féminin

Partage –> masculin

 

Thanks for reading this article 🙂

What do you want to learn about the French language? What are your needs ?

Tell me in the comments, I will write an article about it !

Thomas Ricomard

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