The relative pronouns QUI and QUE + Exercises

QUI and QUE

Hello English speakers who want to learn French 🙂 !

The relative pronouns QUI and QUE.

In this article I share with you how to use the relative pronouns:

  • QUI
  • QUE

QUI and QUE are relative pronouns

Not to be confused with the interrogative words

Qui va là ? Who’s there ?

Que veux-tu ? What do you want ?

Or with the conjunction

Je veux que tu partes. → I want you to leave.

The relative pronouns QUI

  • QUI replaces the subject

Example :

Ali a un frère. Ce frère est pilote. Ali has a brother. This brother is a pilot.

Ali a un frère qui est pilote.Ali has a brother who is a pilot.

The subject Ce frère of the sentence Ce frère est pilote is replaced by qui in the sentence Ali a un frère qui est pilote.

  • QUI is followed by a verb

Example :

Ali a un frère qui est pilote.Ali has a brother who is a pilot.

qui is followed by the verb est (infinitive: être).

The relative pronouns QUE

  • QUE remplaces the direct object complement (DOC)

Example :

Tu as regardé la vidéo ? Je t’ai envoyé cette vidéo.Did you watch the video ? I sent you this video.

Tu as regardé la vidéo que je t’ai envoyée ?Did you watch the video I sent you ?

The DOC vidéo of the sentence Je t’ai envoyé cette vidéo is replaced by que.

  • QUE is followed by the subject

Tu as regardé la vidéo que je t’ai envoyée ?Did you watch the video I sent you ?

que is followed by the subject je.

Note

QUE turns into QU’ before a vowel (a e i o u).

QUI does not transform in front of a vowel.

Conclusion

The choice of QUI or QUE depends on the function (Subject / DOC) and whether it is followed by the subject or the verb.

 

Exercises

1 – Je t’ai acheté une robe. La robe est trop petite.

I bought you a dress. The dress is too small.

La robe……………………………………….………………………………………………………………j’ai achetée est trop petite.

The dress I bought is too small.

2 – Tu m’as dit une chose. Je ne te pardonnerai jamais cette chose.

You told me one thing. I will never forgive you for this thing.

Tu m’as dit une chose…………………………………………………………………..……..je ne te pardonnerai jamais.

You told me one thing that I will never forgive you.

3 – Je connais une personne. Cette personne parle très bien français.

I know a person. This person speaks very good French.

Je connais une personne………………………………………………………………………………parle très bien français.

I know someone who speaks French very well.

4 – Tu as acheté une voiture. Cette voiture est une Renault.

You bought a car. This car is a Renault.

La voiture………………………………………………………………………………………………tu as achetée est une Renault.

The car you bought is a Renault.

5 – J’ai eu un chien pour Noël. Ce chien s’appelle Fifi.

I had a dog for Christmas. This dog is called Fifi.

Le chien…………………………………………………………………………………………………j’ai eu pour Noël s’appelle Fifi.

The dog I got for Christmas is called Fifi.

6 – Ton copain travaille chez Google. Ton copain est ingénieur.

Your boyfriend works at Google. Your boyfriend is an engineer.

Ton copain…………………………………………………………………………………..travaille chez Google est ingénieur ?

Your boyfriend who works at Google is an engineer?

7 – Tu me parle d’un livre. Antoine m’a prêté ce livre.

You tell me about a book. Antoine lent me this book.

Tu me parles du livre…………………………………………………………………………………………….Antoine m’a prêté ?

You tell me about the book Antoine lent me?

8 – Je ne révise que ces chapitres. Ces chapitres m’intéressent.

I only review these chapters. These chapters interest me.

Je ne révise que les chapitres…………….………………………………………………………………..………..m’intéressent.

I only review the chapters that interest me.

9 – Vous pensez aller à cet hôtel. Nous avons visité cet hôtel.

You are thinking of going to this hotel. We visited this hotel

Vous pensez aller à l’hôtel………………………………………………………………………….…………..nous avons visité ?

Thinking of going to the hotel we visited?

10 – Ils ont un chat. Ce chat a des oreilles noires et une queue toute blanche.

They have a cat. This cat has black ears and a tail all white.

Ils ont un chat………………………………………………………….a des oreilles noires et une queue toute blanche.

They have a cat with black ears and a white tail.

 

Answers

1 – que. La robe is DOC of the verb achetée (infinitive : acheter). que is followed by the subject j’

2 – que. une chose is DOC of the verb pardonnerai (infinitive : pardonner). que is followed by the subject je

3 – qui. Cette personne is the subject of the sentence Cette personne parle très bien français. qui is followed by the verb parle (infinitif : parler)

4 – que. Cette voiture is DOC of the verb acheté (infinitive : acheter). que is followe by the subject tu

5 – que. Ce chien is DOC of the verb eu (infinitive : avoir). que is followed by te subject j’

6 – qui. Ton copain is subject of the verb est (infinitive : être). qui is followed by the verb travaille (infinitif : travailler)

7 – qu’. ce livre is DOC of the verb a prêté (infinitive : avoir prêté). qu’ is followed by the subject Antoine.

8 – qui. Ces chapitres is subject of the verb intéressent (infinitive : intéresser). qui is followed by the verb intéressent.

9 – que. cet hôtel is DOC of the verb visité (infinitive : visiter). que is followed by the subject nous.

10 – qui. Ce chat is subject of the verb a (infinitive : avoir). qui is followed by the verb a.

 

To complete my article you can read How to Use Qui and Que in French from http://frenchyourway.com.au.

 

What do you want to learn about the French language, tell me in the comments, I will write an article about it !

Thank you 🙂

Thomas

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