Download PDF – Learning French grammar, make it easy

Hi, Welcome all on Fast French Learning, the blog to Learn and Improve your French 🇫🇷 😀

I introduce you, here, a part of the grammar, to clarify because French grammar is full of exceptions.

How to learn French grammar fast ?

What you want is to learn, to speak French, this is not to learn grammar. The French grammar is full of exceptions. If you have tried to learn French before you might be a bit stressed about having to learn so much, a bit overwhelmed as well. Learning about grammar theory is not mandatory, but learning about French grammar could be a good idea in some cases… Do you recognize yourself in one of those situations ? If yes, you have to check grammar first or come back to it.

1-You are struggling with sentence structure, it is difficult to speak, to communicate because you do not know how to put the verbs in a sentence, how to conjugate the verbs, you do not know simply basic grammar things. Learning French grammar is going to help you in this situation, you will be able to finally build sentences in French. It is all about finding the logic.
2-The second situation where studying French grammar can help you, is when you need to understand the logic to be confident. We are all different when it comes to learning. If you need to understand the rules before playing, if you are a person who needs to understand before being enough confident to speak, starting with grammar is for you.  
3-The third situation is when you need structure to progress.

To learn French grammar fast, make it simple. There are a lot of rules that you do not need to learn . If you open a grammar book and you do not understand what it is says in it, close it because you will not build solid foundation. Examples are so much better than anything else, having a lot of examples illustrating what the grammar point you are learning looks like in context, that is essential.
An app is efficient, using an app is very helpful to study French wihtout studying grammar. To have a immersion-like feeling.

Have a look at others articles to get more informations about the French languages : more explanations, expressions, resources, more topics, pronouns, books and novels with translation (in French with the translation in English)… You fill find explanations not only about grammar but about how to conjugate the verbs as well, French expressions to increase your stock-word, more informations (pronouns, different topics…) to get so you will be ready for your immersion in France, to talk easily with French native speakers. 

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Gender nouns in French

There are rules but they are quite complex, so you have to memorize them.
Nouns are divided into different classes : the masculine and the feminine.

The nouns of living things : human being and animals

  Human being  
  Masculine    Féminine
  un paysan (peasant)    une paysanne
  un magicien (magician)    une magicienne
  un danseur (dancer)    une danseuse
  un opérateur (operator)    une opératrice
  Animals
  Masculine    Féminine  
  un chat (cat)  une chatte
  un coq (rooster)  une poule
  un loup (wolf)  une louve
  un bélier (aries)  une brebis

The names of inanimate things

Objects, feelings, a quality of being, actions,… They always have the same gender, you can recognize them with their article.

The masculine nouns

The names of the days of the week, the months, the saesons
Un dimanche → a sunday   
Le mois de Janvier → the month of january
Le printemps → the spring

The names of the trees
Un chêne → an oak
Un sapin → a pine tree

The names of the winds
Le mistral
Le sirocco

Exception : la tramontane

The names of empires, kingdoms,… are masculine if the end of the word is not an « e »
Le Danemark
Le Portugal

Exceptions : la France, la Russie

The names of the colours  
Le rouge → red
Le vert → green
Un jaune → yellow

The names that designate a language
Le français → the French language
Le russe → the Russian language

The feminine nous

The names of virtues and quality
La sympathie → sympathy
La paresse → laziness

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The classes of verbs (conjugation)

The verbs ending in -er

This is the same patterns for each verbs
Manger → to eat
Nager → to swim
Travailler → to work
Aimer → to like / to love

The verbs ending in -ir

This is the same patterns for each verbs
Finir → to finish
Ralentir → to slow down
Réagir → to react

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Learners, beginners : french learning videos for pronunciation
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The verbs ending in -ir, -oir, -re

Mourir → to die
Recevoir → to receive
Lire → to read   

Each class of verbs will be conjugated differently (mood) when used in a sentence. Let us take a look at a few examples to see how they differ, the different mood :

A verb from the 1rst group
Nager → to swim
Je nage (present tense) → I am swimming
Je nageais (imperfect tense) → I swam
Je nagerai (future tense) → I will swim

A verb from the 2nd group
Finir → to finish
Je finis → I finish  
Je finissais → I finished
Je finirai → I will finish

A verb from the 3rd group
Lire → to read
Je lis → I read
Je lisais → I read
Je lirai → I will read

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Teacher, learners : how to learn french in 7 days for conjugation
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Sentences

How to form basic sentences in French ?

Forming sentences in French is quite simple, especially for English speakers, because French uses the same word order as English.
Let us see examples :
Les enfants jouent dans le jardin → Children play in the garden
If you break down the French sentence you will see that it is in the same order as the English one. Les enfants (children) SUBJECT / jouent (play) VERB / dans (in) le (the) jardin (garden) COMPLEMENT.

How to form negative sentences in French ?

Let us learn how to create negative sentences in French. You have to add ne or n’ (if the following word begins with a vowel) before the verb and pas (ou plus) after it.
J’ai → I have
Je n’ai pas → I have not
J’aime parler → I like to speak
Je n’aime pas parler →  I do not like to speak
Quentin mange → Quentin is eating   
Quentin ne mange pas → Quentin is nnot eating  

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Teacher : how to learn french pronunciation for resources, nouns
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Thank you for reading this article !
Thomas 😀