Download PDF – Learning French in 1 week (gender and adjectives)

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Here is content to study French for 1 week !

This article is for everyone, the adults, teenagers and children. It is suitable for the adults, maybe you do not have a lot of time to study French (you do no study in a classroom in a university) , I offer you 2 aspects of the French grammar : the gendre nouns and the singular and plural nouns, to reach your goals : going to a French speaking country (immersion) and having nice conversations, having a success for the delf, learning a variety of French songs, singing French songs with Friends, managing different situations in French, getting more confidence,…  

The gender

I introduce you the gender (masculine and feminine) of the adjectives and the jobs.

A feminine word = maculine + –e

Il est étudiant – elle est étudiante → He/she is a student  
Il est gand – elle est grande → He/she is tall
Il est marié – elle est mariée → He/she is married
Exception : Il est jeune – elle est jeune (there is no change) → He/she is young

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en becomes –ienne

Il est italien – elle est italienne → He/she is italian
Il est lycée – elle est lycéenne → He/she is a high school student

Pronunciation

For a masculine word, we do not pronounce the last letter -s, -d,-t, but we pronounce them for a feminine word.  
Il est anglais, grand, intelligentElle est anglaise, gande, intelligente → He is English, tall, intelligent

Exercise to practice

Write your choice in the comments and I will tell you if it is ok or not, and I will give you the correction.
-Thomas est étudiant ? – Oui, il est étudiant  
Anna est étudiante ? – Non, elle étudiante
-Julien est anglais ? – …………………………..
Anna est……………. ? – …………………………..  
-Henri est blond ? – …………………………….
Julie est………… ? – ……………………………….
-Mathieu est jeune ? – ………………………..
Camille est ……………. ? – ……………………..

-Laurent est grand. Et Sylvie ? – Elle est aussi grande
-Louis est intelligent. Et Elsa ? – …………………………………………
-Marcello est sympathique. Et Charlotte ? – ………………………
-Jean est amusant. Et Julia ? – …………………………………………….

Il est japonais
Il est/elle est jeune
-…………………italienne
-…………………étudiante
-…………………mariée
-…………………français
-…………………chinoise
-……………………sympathique
-…………………….blond

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on becomes –onne

Il est bon – elle est ………………….. → He/she good
Il est breton – elle est ………………….. → He/she is from Bretagne
Il est mignon – elle est ………………….. → He/she is cute

er becomes –ère

Il est étranger – elle est ………………….. → He/she is a stranger
Il est boulanger – elle est ………………….. → He/she is a baker
Il est infirmier – elle est ………………….. → He/she is a nurse

-eur/-eux becomes -euse

Il est serveur – elle est ………………….. → He/she is a waiter/waitress
Il est menteur – elle est ………………….. → He/she is a liar
Il est heureux – elle est ………………….. → He/she is happy

-teur becomes -trice for almost all the jobs

Il est acteur – elle est ………………….. → He/she is an actor
Il est éditeur – elle est ………………….. → He/she is an editor
Il est agriculteur – elle est ………………….. → He/she is an farmer
Exception : chanteur becomes chanteuse

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Some of the jobs do not change when they are feminine

Il est/elle est professeur
Il est/elle est médecin
Il est/elle est écrivain
Il est/elle est auteur

Here are some irregular adjectives

Beau – belle
Gros – grosse
Vieux – vieille
Gentil – gentille
Blanc – blanche

The adjectives : singular and plural

The adjectives : singular and plural

Il est blond – Ils sont blonds → He is blond / They are blond
Elle est blonde – elles sont blondes → She is blond / They are blond  
Il est étudiant – elles sont étudiantes  
Elle est étudiante – elles sont étudiantes

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In some cases for the masculine nouns

At the end of the word –s or –x ne changent pas.
Il est français – ils sont français → He is / They are French
Il est vieux – Ils sont vieux → He is / They are old
There is an exception : Il est beau – Ils sont beaux → He is / They are beautiful

Exercise to practice

Write your choice in the comments and I will tell you if it is ok or not, and I will give you the correction.
Il est américain – Ils sont américains → He is / they are american
Il est brun – ………………………………… → He has / They have brown hair
Il est étudiant – …………………………………  
Il est grand – ………………………………… → He is / They are tall
Il est marié – ………………………………… → He is / They are married
Il est gentil – ………………………………… → He is / They are nice

Elle est brésilienne – ………………………………… → She is / They are from Bresil
Elle est brun – ………………………………… → She has / They have brown hair
Elle est danseuse – ………………………………… → She is a dancer / They are dancers
Elle est grande – ………………………………… → She is / They are tall
Elle est célibataire – ………………………………… → She is / They are single
Elle est gentille – ………………………………… → She is / They are nice

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The singular nouns and plural nouns

If the noun is singular, the article is singular.  
If the noun is plural, the article is plural.

Un arbre – des arbres → a tree – trees
Une fleur – des fleurs → a flower – flowers

Un garçon – des garçons → a boy – boys
Une fille – des filles → a girl – girls

Exceptions : at the end of the word -s, -x, -z, do not change
Un pays – des pays → a country – countries
Un choix – des choix → a choice – choices
Un gaz – des gazs → a gas – gas

Exceptions : when the end of the word is –al, –au it becomes –aux
Un journal – des journaux → a newspaper – newspapers
Un gâteau – des gâteaux → a cake – cakes

Exercise to practice

Write your choice in the comments and I will tell you if it is ok or not, and I will give you the correction.
Une voiture – des voitures → a car – cars
Un homme – ……………….. → a man – men
Une table – ………………….. → a table – tables
Une chaise – …………………. → a chair – chairs
Un disque – ………………….. → a disc – discs
Un livre – ……………………. → a book – books
Un stylo – …………………… → a pen – pens
Un oiseau – ………………… → a bird – birds
Un gâteau – …………………. → a cake – cakes
Un journal – ………………… → a newspaper – newspapers

One of the important aspects of French learning is to be able to be the teachers you had at university in the classroom : giving yourself the confidence, pushing yourself to reach your goals, studying well for the delf, set up an immersion-like experience, learning a variety of French expressions, getting more fluency in different situations.

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Thank you for reading this article !
Thomas 😀