The prepositions DU and DE (Video)

The prepositions DU and DE

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The prepositions DU and DE

 

Hi English speakers who want to Learn french 🙂  !

We use DE and DU, to know when we can use them, we ask the question : what is the noun that follows ?

 

The prepositions DU and DE

The preposition DE is used in the following cases :

Proper noun

The prepositions DU and DE

Examples :

L’ordinateur de Maxime.Maxime’s computer.

La voiture de Gilbert.Gilbert’s car.

We do not put an article in front of the names of anyone → L’ordinateur de le Maxime.

 

A Feminine-singular noun that starts with a consonant

The prepositions DU and DE

If the name is feminine-singular and begins with a consonant, DE becomes DE LA.

Examples :

La maison de la femme.La maison de femme.The house of the woman.

Le toit de la maison.Le toit de maison. The roof of the house.

 

When the designated thing is a generality and it begins with a consonant

The prepositions DU and DE

Examples :

Le professeur de géographie. → Le professeur de la géographie.The geography teacher.

biologie and géographie are global things, seen as a whole.

Une leçon de vie. → Une leçon de la vie.A life lesson.

Life in general, seen as a whole.

 

 

The preposition DU is used in the following cases :

Note :
DU can also be a partitive article.
Example:
Je veux du lait. → I want some milk.
We do not talk about it in this article!

A singular masculine noun that begins with a consonant

The prepositions DU and DE

DU = DE + LE

Examples :

L’ordinateur du garçon. → L’ordinateur de le garçon.The boy’s computer.

Je reviens du café. → Je reviens de le café.I’m coming back from the bar.

Here café means the place where you drink coffee.

 

A Singular, masculine or feminine noun that begins with a vowel

The prepositions DU and DE

We use DE L’

Examples :

Le sac de l’étudiant.The bag of the student.

Le sac de l’étudiante. The bag of the student.

 

When the designated thing is a generality and it begins with a vowel

The prepositions DU and DE

We use D’

Examples :

Le professeur d’orthographe.The spelling teacher.

This is the spelling in general.

Le professeur d’informatique.The computer teacher.

It’s computer science in general.

 

A Masculine or feminine plural noun

The prepositions DU and DE

We use DES

Examples :

L’ordinateur des garçons.The boys computer.

Les oreilles des éléphants.The ears of elephants.

 

 

The prepositions DU and DE

Exercices

1 – La maison………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………Catherine.
Catherine’s house.

2 – Le professeur……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………biologie.
The professor of biology.

3 – Les oreilles…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……….chien.
The dog’s ears.

4 – Ce midi à la cantine, il y avait……………………………………………………………………………….poisson au menu.
This lunch in the canteen, there was fish on the menu.

5 – Ce joueur a marqué un très beau but……………………………………………………………………………………….tête.
This player scored a beautiful goal of the head.

6 – Quand tu auras fini la vaisselle, tu pourras faire……………………………………………………………………..vélo.
When you finish the dishes, you can ride a bike.

7 – Cette année nous avons eu une belle récolte…………………………………………………………………………….blé.
This year we had a nice harvest of wheat.

8 – Les gens viennent de loin pour participer à la fête………………………………………………………..………village.
People come from far away to participate in the village festival.

9 – Il y a……………………………………………………………………………………………lait dans la recette pour le gâteau.
There is milk in the recipe for the cake.

10 – Les sièges…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…….voiture.
The seats of the car.

 

Answers

1 – de

2 – de

3 – du

4 – du

5 – de la

6 – du

7 – de

8 – du

9 – du

10 – de la

 

Thanks for watching to this video 🙂

What do you want to learn about the French language? What are your needs ?

Tell me in the comments, I will write an article about it !

Thomas Ricomard

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